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Ancient Worlds by Michael Scott

Ancient Worlds by Michael Scott

Author:Michael Scott
Language: eng
Format: epub
Publisher: Random House
Published: 2016-06-29T16:00:00+00:00


PART III

RELIGIOUS CHANGE IN A CONNECTED WORLD

TIMELINE

c. 563 BCE (or 480 BCE): Birth of the Buddha in India

150 BCE: King Menander (Milinda) converted to Buddhism by monk Nagasena

25 CE: Beginning of Eastern Han Dynasty

66 CE: Tiridates I of Armenia travels to Rome to be crowned by Roman Emperor Nero

68–75 CE: First Buddhist monastery (‘White Horse Monastery’) built at Luoyang

148 CE: Arrival of An Shigao in China as Buddhist monk and translator

220 CE: End of Eastern Han Dynasty and beginning of Three Kingdom Period in China

257 CE: Father of future Tiridates the Great murdered; Tiridates sent to Rome (and Gregory to Caesarea)

265 CE: Beginning of Western Jin Dynasty in China

284 CE: Beginning of reign of Roman Emperor Diocletian.

286 CE: First simultaneous translation of Buddhist text into Chinese completed by Dharmaraksa

300 CE: Ghatotkacha Gupta rules in India

303 CE: Diocletian initiates persecution of Christians in Roman Empire

303/314 CE: Conversion of Tiridates the Great to Christianity

304 CE: The Xiongnu break through into Northern China – beginning of Sixteen Kingdoms Period

306 CE: Constantine I declared Augustus by his troops.

310–11 CE: Chang’an and Luoyang destroyed

312 CE: Constantine defeats Maxentius at Milvian Bridge

313 CE: The Edict of Milan, enacted by Constantine and Licinus, decrees religious tolerance

314 CE: Constantine convenes Council of Arles

316 CE: Beginning of Eastern Jin dynasty in China based around capital at Nanjing

320 CE: Chandragupta I begins rule in northern India

324 CE: Constantine I defeats Licinius at Chrysopolis

324 CE: Meeting of Constantine, Tiridates, Gregory, and Pope Silvester

325 CE: Constantine I calls the Council of Nicaea; Gregory ‘the Illuminator’ dies

327 CE: Second Council of Nicaea

330 CE: Constantinople is founded on the site of old Byzantium as ‘the new Rome;’ Tiridates the Great dies

335 CE: Samudragupta becomes ruler of the Gupta Empire; Council of Tyre in Roman Empire

337 CE: Death of Constantine

350 CE: Huns begin to invade the Sassanid Empire

353 CE: First Armenian Council conducted by Catholicos Nerses

360 CE: Julian the Apostate is proclaimed emperor and attempts to revive paganism.

375 CE: Chandragupta II becomes ruler of the Gupta Empire.

376 CE: The Visigoths flee the Huns, entering the Eastern Roman Empire

380 CE: Edict issued by Emperor Theodosius on correct form of Christian belief and worship

381 CE: Emperor Xiaowu formally accepts and establishes Buddhism at his court in China

386 CE: Start of Northern Dynasty Period in China

387 CE: Partition of Armenia between the Roman and Sassanian Empires

391 CE: Christianity becomes official religion of Roman Empire and paganism is actively suppressed

394 CE: Battle of River Frigidus between the army of Theodosius I and the army of pagan-sympathising Western Roman ruler Eugenius.

395 CE: Buddhist King of Sri Lanka despatches gift to Emperor Xiaowu in China (which arrives 405 CE)

395–398 CE: Huns invade Roman territories.

395 CE: Theodosius I dies, causing the Roman Empire to split permanently.

399 CE: Chinese Buddhist monk Faxian travels on foot to India to acquire Buddhist texts.

401 CE: Chinese Buddhist monk Kumarajiva enters court in Chang'an and begins translations of Buddhist texts.

410 CE: The Sack of Rome by Visigoths led by King Alaric.

415 CE: Founding of Nalanda University in



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