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The Analects of Confucius by Burton Watson

The Analects of Confucius by Burton Watson

Author:Burton Watson [Watson, Burton]
Language: eng
Format: epub
Tags: (¯`'•.¸//(*_*)\\¸.•'´¯), History/Asia/Central Asia
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Published: 2011-12-11T13:00:00+00:00


1 The domain is the feudal state of Lu. The family may refer either to the disciples’ own families or to the powerful families such as the Ji, in which some of them were employed.

2 A pun on “humaneness” (ren) and “caution” (ren). Sima Niu fails to understand the meaning of Confucius’s answer.

3 See Confucius’s remarks on solid qualities and refinement in 6:18. The word wen (refinement) has elsewhere been translated as “cultural achievements”—that is, learning, the arts.

4 The eight characters that conclude this passage, a quotation from the Book of Odes, make little sense here and have been left untranslated.

5 Zilu fulfilled it immediately; see 5:14.

6 Almost identical to 6:27.

7 A pun on “government” (zheng) and “to rectify” (zheng). According to commentators, Ji Kangzi was at this time serving as prime minister of Lu.

8 See 11:26.

9 See 1:6.



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