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The Remittance Landscape by Sarah Lynn Lopez;

The Remittance Landscape by Sarah Lynn Lopez;

Author:Sarah Lynn Lopez; [Lopez, Sarah Lynn]
Language: eng
Format: epub
ISBN: 9780226202952
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Published: 2014-12-17T16:00:00+00:00


The Rise and Logic of the Traslado

Traslados—the “remitting” of cadavers over long distances for burial in the home country—are on the rise between the United States and Mexico. Being buried in one’s hometown is a small measure of certitude, a dignified final act bringing closure to a life of uncertainty. The return to one’s hometown (although after death) finally allows migrants to resolve an ambivalence central to a life of transnational migration: the perennial question of where one belongs. Burials in hometowns allow migrant families to participate in interment rituals that reinforce their position in the hometown despite their physical and temporal distance from it. They also reveal that the hometown is the place with which many migrants ultimately identify, and where they believe a community will remember them.

Today traslados are increasingly common, even for migrants of little means. Françoise Lestage, who conducted a study of traslados in 2008, estimates that one out of every six Mexican migrants who dies in the United States is buried in Mexico. Mexico’s Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores (Ministry of Foreign Relations) reports an average of thirty deceased Mexican migrants “repatriated” from the United States daily.16 Customs service agents in the Guadalajara International Airport (where the bodies are subject to inspection) estimate that between thirty and fifty bodies are shipped to Guadalajara’s airport each month.17 These bodies are then distributed throughout the region; families in Zacatecas, Michoacán, and Nayarit all collect their dead from Guadalajara’s airport. This flow of the deceased requires the cooperation and logistical support of funeral homes and mortuaries on both sides of the border. Carolina Díaz, who works in Funeraria Latino Americana in Los Angeles, which she believes is one of California’s first and largest migrant-owned funeral homes, established in 1970, estimates that it ships between nine hundred and one thousand bodies to Mexico and Central America annually, five hundred of them destined for somewhere in Mexico. When I spoke to her in 2008, she said that “the number of bodies has increased in the last five years because the number of Latinos living in the US has increased. The big increase started about five years ago.”18

According to funeral directors and migrants in both Jalisco and California, a gradual increase in traslados has occurred since the 1970s as the necessary money, technology, and social networks have become widely available to migrants and their communities. This increase demonstrates a fundamental shift in the logic of migration. By addressing a problematic aspect of migration as a way of life—uncertainty over the loss of loved ones—traslados alleviate migrant suffering. Yet at the same time traslados are normalized and made more pervasive. For most migrants, the opportunity to finance a transnational burial is a great improvement compared even with the recent past. In the 1950s, Armando Juárez’s father, a bracero working in Texas, passed away. “Back then, it took a month to send a letter, if they ever got it. We couldn’t imagine sending the body home.”19 Juárez believes that his father was murdered and is buried in Yuma, Arizona, or “somewhere close by,” but he has never been to visit his grave.



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