A History of Genocide in Africa by Kayitesi Berthe; Stapleton Timothy J.;

A History of Genocide in Africa by Kayitesi Berthe; Stapleton Timothy J.;

Author:Kayitesi, Berthe; Stapleton, Timothy J.;
Language: eng
Format: epub
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, LLC
Published: 2017-09-14T16:00:00+00:00

Advocacy groups could have made their arguments and calls to action without distorting what was already bad enough. They chose instead to mischaracterize the situation in order to keep their followers motivated, a strategy that strengthened Khartoum’s case that the West did not understand what was happening in Darfur and made it much more difficult to find a diplomatic solution.23

My view is that the state and militia violence, including the consequent displacement, that happened in Darfur during the early and middle 2000s very likely represented a genocide under the existing international legal definition, which is the only definition of genocide that truly matters. Natsios is wrong to claim that statements made by the Arab Gathering in the 1980s about exterminating the non-Arab people of the region are irrelevant because they were made so long ago and that, even though some members of the movement later joined the government in Khartoum, there is no evidence of genocidal intent on the part of the state.24 An alternate way to look at those 1980s declarations is that they formed part of the historic development of an ideology of genocide that influenced subsequent events in Darfur, in that the people who made and were exposed to the hate propaganda were active participants in the violence of the 2000s. In addition, Natsios’s focus on state policy ignores the international legal precedent that proving genocidal intent is not linked to the existence of official genocidal policies or plans. Genocidal intent can be unofficial. Since the perpetrators of the alleged genocide remain in power in Sudan, a thorough investigation has never been conducted in Darfur itself, and there has never been a full discussion of evidence before a competent court. However, it is doubtful that the continued limited violence in Darfur from the late 2000s onward corresponds with the international legal definition of genocide. In the short-term, the international campaign that mobilized the rhetoric of genocide against the Sudanese government pressured Khartoum to stop the worst atrocities, but, in the long term, as Mamdani and Natsios have maintained, it was not helpful in resolving the conflict, which now looks almost intractable.


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