Probability & Statistics
epub |eng | 2015-02-02 | Author:Tung, K. K.;

The Stability of the Ice-Free and Ice-Covered Globes Examining the equilibrium diagram in Figure 8.4, we see that both the ice-free globe and the ice-covered globe correspond to stable equilibria. ...
( Category: Probability & Statistics July 12,2020 )
epub |eng | 2019-07-15 | Author:Thrane, Christer;

6 Beyond linear regressionNon-additivity, non-linearity and mediation 6.1 Introduction Sometimes the complexities of life entail that the linear regression model paints a too simplistic picture of reality. If under these ...
( Category: Probability & Statistics July 10,2020 )
epub |eng | | Author:Francesco Archetti & Antonio Candelieri

The following figure shows another case where TS is, instead, more explorative than LCB (Fig. 4.5). Fig. 4.5Next point to evaluate according to TS and LCB: the sample from GP ...
( Category: Intelligence & Semantics July 10,2020 )
epub |eng | | Author:Hervé Abdi, Vincenzo Esposito Vinzi, Giorgio Russolillo, Gilbert Saporta & Laura Trinchera

(12.8) Since in covariance-based approaches there is a unique minimization function related to the ability of the model to reproduce the sample covariance matrix, it is possible to have a ...
( Category: Probability & Statistics July 10,2020 )
azw3 |eng | 2016-01-24 | Author:Judea Pearl & Madelyn Glymour & Nicholas P. Jewell [Pearl, Judea]

Figure 3.8 Causal graph used to illustrate the backdoor criterion in the following study questions Study question 3.3.2 (Lord's paradox) At the beginning of the year, a boarding school offers ...
( Category: Probability & Statistics July 9,2020 )
azw3 |eng | 2016-01-24 | Author:Pearl, Judea & Glymour, Madelyn & Jewell, Nicholas P. [Pearl, Judea]

Figure 3.8 Causal graph used to illustrate the backdoor criterion in the following study questions Study question 3.3.2 (Lord's paradox) At the beginning of the year, a boarding school offers ...
( Category: Probability & Statistics July 9,2020 )
epub |eng | | Author:Guy Lebanon & Mohamed El-Geish

8.11 qq-Plots Quantile-quantile plots, also known as qq-plots, are useful for comparing two datasets, one of which may be sampled from a certain distribution. They are essentially scatter plots of ...
( Category: Intelligence & Semantics July 8,2020 )
epub |eng | 2018-07-15 | Author:Conrad Carlberg

Using the T.TEST() Function The T.TEST() function is a quick way to arrive at the probability of a t-statistic that it calculates for you (but does not display). In that ...
( Category: Probability & Statistics July 8,2020 )
epub |eng | 2019-11-05 | Author:Albright, Brian; Fox, William P.;

5.5.9 A predator–prey model that takes into account harvesting (i.e., hunting) of the two species is where x(t) and y(t) are the populations of the prey and predator species, respectively. ...
( Category: Calculus July 8,2020 )
epub |eng | 2020-07-15 | Author:Gentle, James;

(3.111) where all elements are interpreted as numeric arrays of the same shape. The values of the mean and standard deviation are taken from the positional relations of the arguments. ...
( Category: Probability & Statistics July 8,2020 )
epub |eng | | Author:Omar Hijab

Since , this implies that Now apply (4.5.4) with M and A, there, replaced by M 2 and respectively, obtaining Proceeding in this manner, we obtain Sending , we obtain ...
( Category: Probability & Statistics July 7,2020 )
epub |eng | 2018-09-28 | Author:John Fox & Sanford Weisberg

Unlike confint (), Confint () reports the estimated coefficients along with the confidence limits. In this problem, the confidence intervals produced by confint (), which wrongly assume constant error variance, ...
( Category: Probability & Statistics July 6,2020 )
epub |eng | | Author:Scott Pardo

In some studies, perhaps especially observational studies, many, many variables are recorded for each experiment unit (e.g., subjects). Generally there is some interest in relating different variables to one another, ...
( Category: Biomedical Engineering July 5,2020 )
epub |eng | 2017-10-06 | Author:David S. Moore & William I. Notz & Michael A. Fligner

( Category: Probability & Statistics July 5,2020 )
epub |eng | 2015-10-27 | Author:Karen Robson & David Pevalin

Getting started with random coefficient models In a similar way to how we examined our data to see if a random intercept model was more appropriate than a single intercept ...
( Category: Probability & Statistics July 5,2020 )