Intersectional Discrimination by Shreya Atrey

Intersectional Discrimination by Shreya Atrey

Author:Shreya Atrey [Atrey, Shreya]
Language: eng
Format: epub
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Published: 2019-09-19T07:00:00+00:00

5. Additive Discrimination

When multiple grounds are considered not in an isolated manner but in a way which reflects some interaction between the grounds resulting in discrimination, the category of discrimination may be described as additive discrimination. The term ‘addition’, though, is too simplistic, implying that the grounds somehow add up mathematically to yield a quantitatively different form of discrimination. There is simply no way to quantify discrimination, based on a single ground or on multiple grounds.133 Additive discrimination thus needs to be stripped of this quantitative understanding to reveal what it signifies. This section argues that the interaction between multiple grounds, within what has been seen as the category of additive discrimination, can be explained in terms of either ‘combination’ or ‘compound’ discrimination. While combination discrimination appreciates the unique forms of discrimination suffered by intersectional claimants, compound discrimination engages with the similarities between discrimination suffered by intersectional claimants and other disadvantaged groups such that discrimination is seen to be made worse or aggravated because of multiple grounds. While both go a long way in appreciating aspects of intersectionality, neither seems to appreciate the totality of patterns of group disadvantage to reflect intersectionality fully.


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